Tourist guide, Tourist places

(Unesco heritages 2)The historic city of Yazd

The city of Yazd located in the middle of the Iranian plateau, close to the Lut desert and south of Isfahan. Yazd was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2017. The city has a hot desert climate, without humidity and severe summers.

As one of the important sides of Golden Triangle of tourism in Iran, Yazd is wildly popular for its exciting titles like ‘’the city of bicycles”, ‘’the city of wind catchers” and ‘’the city of sun-dried bricks”. Yazd is one of the important industrial cities of Iran with growing technology and population so that its productions like ceramic, tile, jewels, textile, carpet and confectionery are notable. The city was one of the most important centres of the Silk road and become worldly known for its silk production during the historic times.

Despite this growing society; Yazd also introduced as one of the most popular tourist destinations of Iran, even before it was gained the title ‘’The second historical city of the world”.

The city is the best example of environmental adaptation because of some distinguishing characteristics such as architecture, historical hydraulic system and clever agricultural management. The traditional districts of the city include a wide system of Qanats, traditional houses, water cisterns bazaars, mosques, hammams, synagogues, Zoroastrian temples and the historic gardens such as Dolat-Abad.

read more: Yazd City Tour

Sustainable culture and peaceful coexistence of religions: Islam, Judaism and Zoroastrianism helped the city escape the modernization that destroyed many traditional earthen towns. Yazd is the most important centre of Zoroastrianism, there is a considerable number of monuments and other cultural aspects related to this community to study and know more about this ancient religion.

In terms of cultural and natural tourism, Yazd is in a relatively convenient position. The city is one of the sides of Iran’s golden tourism triangle, including the cities of Isfahan, Shiraz and Yazd. Regarding tourist facilities, including accommodation, hotels, transportation, costs, safety and most importantly, world-class registered historical and cultural monuments the city is well-developed. This advance travel system helps the world travellers have a memorable and comfortable stay in this city.

Miniyatour is proud to be one of the leading travel services companies in Yazd, which has hosted many travellers with different travel interests and budget.

Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan

For over 400 years Isfahan or the blue pearl of Persia is one of the worthy destinations for world travellers, traders and historians. Isfahan flourished from the 16th and 17th centuries under the Safavid dynasty when it became the capital of Persia under Shah Abbas the Great order. Isfahan Jame Mosque or Friday mosque located in the heart of this historic city. A Jāmé masjid, also known as a Friday mosque or congregational mosque is the main mosque of a certain area that hosts the special Friday noon prayers or Namaz-e Jumu’ah. As a result of continual construction and renovation from 9th to 20th centuries, it becomes a stunning illustration of the mosque architecture and a prototype for later mosques throughout central Asia. the mosque is very important because of the especial plans, structures and decorations such as tile-workings, it was registered by UNESCO as the world heritage site in 2012.

A sequence of Iranian architectural styles is‏ traceable, before Islamic conquest the land was used as a temple of worship for Zoroastrians, then under the order of Umayyad or Abbasid caliph, it was replaced by a mosque and during the Buyid, Seljuq, Ilkhanid, Muzzafarid, Timurid and Safavid eras it had been developed, rebuilt and renovated.

read more: 10 things about Iran

The Isfahan’s Jāmé mosque covering an area about 20,000 m2. It is the first Islamic building that adapted the four-courtyard plan or four-Iwan of Sassanid palaces to Islamic architecture. Its remarkable double-shelledd domes and vaulted entrances adorned with Muqarnas and glazed tiles.

The south dome was built by order of Nezam al-Mulk the famous Vizier‏ (Minister) of Seljuk king, Malik Shah.  The northern dome was built a year later by Nezam al-Mulk’s rival Taj al-Mulk. Both of the domes and surrounding Iwans are the masterpieces of Iranian architecture.

The mosque is a great collection of calligraphy and inscriptions like the Shah Tahmaseb’s tax forgiveness inscription and penance letter, Shah Ismail inscriptions for the issuance of remittances in the name of Isfahan people, pavement inscriptions, and water inscriptions. An elaborately carved stucco mihrab commissioned by the Ilkhanid ruler Oljaytu in 1310, located in a side prayer hall built within the western arcade.

This mosque located in the Majles street, Isfahan and is one of the unique tourism centres in the city that annually attracts many travellers and art lovers from all around the world.

Meidan Emam, Esfahan

The UNESCO’s registered site of Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is one of the largest city squares in the world which was officially inscribed in 1979. The main structures of the complex dated back to Safavid era, but this place was the Isfahan’s trade and social centre even further. Literally, Naghsh-e Jahan means the Image of the world. The best place to study and observe the Persian socio-cultural life.

The great Isfahan is a city in central Iran, always recognized as one of the largest cities of the old world and titled ‘’Isfahan, Nesf-e Jahan” which means Isfahan is half of the world. The city benefited from the Zayande Rud river, good climate and fertile soil. These are the best reason why it was chosen by Shah Abbas the great as the Safavid capital about 400 years ago. There are a considerable number of historical and tourist attractions in every corner of the city and helped it to become the first tourist destination in Iran and main target to know more about the Iranian’s history, art and architecture in this country.

Naghsh-e Jahan built by the order of Shah Abbas I, at the beginning of the 17th century to become a centre for religion, economy, entertainment, government, and political events. The complex includes the central playground and the surrounding monuments which are connected by two-storey arcades. To the east, there is the magnificent Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque; to the west, the pavilion of Ali Qapu; to the north, the portico of Qeyssariyeh and to the south, the royal mosque or masjid-e Shah. All of them are authentic in form and design and express universal value. The central playground was used for playing the royal sport polo or Chogān- an Iranian horse-riding game accompanied by music and storytelling-. Sheikh Lotfollah mosque known as the masterpiece of Iranian architecture was built under the observation of Iranian scientists and chief architect Sheikh Bahai during 1603- 1619. The interior side of the dome of this mosque known as Golden dome seems to lead the eyes upwards reminding the holy grandness of sun and heaven. The six-floored Ali Qapu pavilion has forty-eight meters height. The units are accessible by a difficult spiral staircase. The Music Hall with aesthetic and acoustic values located on floor 6, where there are deep circular niches in the walls to echo the voice of Persian musical instruments. Naghsh-e Jahan royal square is one of the certain evidence which proves the skills and good intentions of its Iranian builder and developers.

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