Lut Desert or Dasht-e Lut covers a vast part of central, southeastern and eastern parts of Iran. This salt desert i the world’s 27th largest desert, inscribed on the UNESCO’s Natural World Heritage’s list on July 17, 2016. A temperature as high as 70 °C (159 °F) has been measured in this hot area.
The geography of Iran includes a plateau and internal deserts of Dasht-e Lut and Dasht-e Kavir, Dasht in Farsi means plain or desert. Lut contains extensive stony deserts and dune fields and the best examples of Aeolian Yardangs. Yardangs are bedrock features carved and streamlined by sandblasting there are some ridge there too, known as Kaluts that are widely considered as the best examples in the world in terms of height, extent and unbroken continuity.
Lut desert recognized as one of the popular destinations for incoming tourism in Iran. The tourism activities Lut desert is classified under the category of adventure tour in Iran. In some distinct parts of the desert tourism facilities have been provided to help travellers enjoy their journeys. There are original oasis, surrounded by sand dunes, salt lakes, palm gardens, mineral springs and other phenomena in late desert. If you are intending to travel lonely, consider this fact that sometime the desert can be unkind to you so even if you are completely experienced in the desert trekking and exploring, we advise you to use one of individual or group tours organized by certified travel agencies in Iran. In Iranian deserts you can enjoy walking, biking, driving, kayaking, observing with professional desert guides. The Lut Desert introduced as a globally-recognized iconic hot desert landscape by UNESCO.
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Hyrcanian Forests are a collection of mixed Caspian forests, including lush lowland and mountain covering (21000 Sq. mi) on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea in Iran and Azerbaijan. The Hyrcanian forests registered at the UNESCO World Heritage site in 2019. Some parts of the property contain exceptional broad-leaved forests with a history dating back 25 – 50 million years ago
Hyrcania or Varkana is the name of the ancient region covered the southeast of the Caspian Sea, was one of the important satrapies during the historical dynasties of Iran from 7th century BC to 7th AD and then becoming the main centre of productions like Zarin-from pottery during the Islamic era.
About 180 species of birds typical of broad-leaved temperate forests and 58 mammal species have been recorded in this area, including the iconic Persian Leopard. Over 3,200 vascular plants have been documented too. Approximately 280 taxa are endemic and sub-endemic to the Hyrcanian region and about 500 plant species are Iranian endemics.
Some parts of the property are recognised as the best tourism destination for leisure travellers and expert travellers who want to observe there and study the biological and geological aspects related to the area.
Historic ensemble of Qasr-e Shirin
The Historic ensemble of Qasr-e Shirin located within some perimeter hectares northeast of Qasr-e Shirin, Kermanshah province, Iran. This ensemble is inscribed in UNESCO’s Tentative list of cultural Heritage. The name of the city means The castle of Shirin who was the wife of Khosrau II, the Sasanian king (r. 590- 628). The historic ensemble of Qasr-e Shirin includes architectural and urban remains from the late Sassanian period and the early Islamic periods such as the palace of Khosrau II, the Chahar Qapi monument, Ban Qal’eh and the remains of a Safavid caravansary.
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The palace of Khosrau II: the palace is a magnificent example of Sasanian architecture. The main part of the building includes a rectangular hall covered with brick arches. based on historical facts, the palace was built in a vast garden where wild animals lived because khosrau was interested to keep animals.
Chahar Qapi: Chahar Qapi or Chahar Qapu is exactly a Čahārtāq, literally means “four arches,” that is an architectural structure consisting of four arches or short barrel vaults between four corner piers, with a dome on squinches over the central square; this square and the lateral bays under the arches or barrel vaults together constitute a room of cruciform ground plan. Čahārtāq and Ayvān are the most important architectural units invented and developed by Iranian architectures. The main use of this building was a fireplace to keep the holy fire of Zoroastrian religion.
Saffavid Caravansary of Qasr-e Shirin: The other name of this monument is Abbasi, refers to the collection of ‘’Abbasi caravanserais’’ scattered in most of the Iranian cities, built under the order of King Abbas I, the great Safavid ruler of Iran. The structure includes large chambers and yards for the caravans.